Stepan Bandera is a controversial figure from Ukraine’s Soviet past (link to his Wikipedia page below). Some consider him a national hero and freedom fighter, while others label him a fascist, Nazi collaborator, and war criminal. He was assassinated by the KGB in West Germany in 1959. His name and image are often evoked by both sides, albeit with different connotations. Memes about Bandera on the pro-Ukrainian side will evoke the figure as a supporter of Ukrainian defense against Russian aggression.